Is the Majority Ever Wrong

Pauline Paradox Series Review

After noticing that my teachings significantly contrast with 119 Ministries’ teachings in many ways, a reader asked me to watch the eight-part Pauline Paradox video series and provide my perspective in response to their teachings.

119 Ministries is a YouTube teaching ministry from a Messianic (or Hebrew Roots) perspective. They teach that the law of Moses is still ‘the law of God’. Therefore, (they say) the law of Moses still applies to Christians today.

In this article, I provide a high-level, summary rebuttal to the Pauline Paradox videos.

Summary Response to the Pauline Paradox Series

The Purpose of the 8-part Video Series

119 Ministries says the purpose of their Pauline Paradox series is ‘To call the whole Body of the Messiah back to the whole Word of God.

By this, they mean that the Old Testament’s Mosaic law is still the law that Christians must obey today, and this is what they advocate in the entire video series. In Part 1 they introduce the series by asking,

“If the law of God has not changed, then how could so many people be wrong, and for so long?”

Then, for the next 7 videos, they argue that the Mosaic law still applies to YHWH’s believers (Christians) today.

My Perspective

This debate concerning the applicability of Mosaic law to Christians is not new. It’s the same conflict Stephen and Paul had, more than 1900 years ago, with those (Jews and Christians) who refused to believe that the New Covenant completely changed how we’re both saved and sanctified.

While I agree that we’re grafted into Israel, we’re in a new dispensation. It’s literally impossible for any Jew of Gentile on earth to live under the Mosaic law today. Even if we wanted to, we don’t have a tabernacle, Aaronic priesthood, and animal sacrifices. In the New Covenant, our Savior fulfills all these Mosaic types and shadows.

The Mosaic dispensation looked radically different than its predecessor, the patriarchal dispensation, which included Seth, Enoch, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

The New Covenant is likewise radically different from its predecessor, the Mosaic covenant. YHWH doesn’t change, but His revelation to mankind evolves to fulfill His eonian plan. If we’re following YHWH’s Spirit we’ll change when he changes.

My disagreement with the Pauline Paradox teachings starts in the introduction with these statements:

  1. Their purpose was “To call the whole Body of the Messiah back to the whole Word of God.” I enthusiastically support calling the whole Body of the Messiah back to the whole Word of God–but not in the way they mean it.
  2. They open the series by asking, “If the law of God has not changed, then how could so many people be wrong, and for so long?” But the law of God (that’s applicable to disciples today) HAS changed, so this question is based on a false assumption.

The Accusation

Basically, 119 Ministries is saying the worldwide Church is in apostasy if we don’t live under Mosaic laws.

  • Their first statement above assumes the Body of Christ (the worldwide Church) departed from ‘the whole’ Word of God.
  • In the second statement, they assume the applicable law for Christians has not changed, even though the New Testament clearly teaches the law has changed.
The Law Has Changed

Anyone who studies the New Testament with an unbiased mind will understand the law of God has changed as a result of our Savior’s finished work. For example,

Now if perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood (for on this basis the people received the law), why was there still need for another priest to appear—one in the order of Melchizedek and not in the order of Aaron? For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed as well…So the former commandment is set aside because it was weak and useless (for the law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God.

Hebrews 7:11-12, 18-19

If anyone still doubts, the apostle Paul chides his spiritual children who would revert to legalism.

O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? Before your very eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed as crucified. I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law, or by hearing with faith?

Are you so foolish? After starting in the Spirit, are you now finishing in the flesh? Have you suffered so much for nothing, if it really was for nothing? Does God lavish His Spirit on you and work miracles among you because you practice the law, or because you hear and believe?

Galatians 3:1-5

Two Key Questions

  1. What is the Word of God?
  2. What ‘Law of God’ applies to Christians today?
What is the Word of God?
Ignorant Leaders

Many Messianic believers believe the Torah (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) is the Word of God, and all other Biblical books are subordinate to the Torah.

Just as I’ve heard ignorant Christian pastors teach the Old Testament is no longer applicable, some Messianics disparage the New Testament, referring to it as ‘the apostolic writings’. In fact, during a Sukkot conference in Oklahoma in 2018 I was gob-smacked when I heard Messianic teacher Monte Judah say the Book of Hebrews should be taken out of the Bible. People on both sides disparage (and disregard) the part of the Bible they don’t understand.

The Living Word

But, the Word of God is infinitely more than the written Torah. From before Genesis 1:1 until the end of the Book of Revelation, the Word of God is the living and eternal Son of God, Yeshua.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made, and without Him nothing was made that has been made. In Him was life, and that life was the light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.

John 1:1-5
Entering God’s Rest through the Living Word’s Ministry

Today, His disciples are entering His rest. Mosaic covenant believers weren’t able to do this because they were yet carnal. They weren’t born again by YHWH’s Spirit.

If Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken later about another day. There remains, then, a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For whoever enters God’s rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from His. Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will fall by following the same pattern of disobedience. For the word of God is living and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it pierces even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow. It judges the thoughts and intentions of the heart. Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight; everything is uncovered and exposed before the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.

Hebrews 4:8-13

The living Word is thus bringing us into perfection, and God’s rest.

The Law of Christ Superseded the Mosaic Law

The New Testament scriptures (especially Romans, Galatians, and Hebrews) plainly teach that the New Covenant’s Law of Christ superseded the Mosaic Covenant’s laws. Therefore, the overall message in the Pauline Paradox ‘misses the mark’, and believers who submit themselves to live under the Mosaic law will prevent themselves from progressing into perfection and God’s rest.

Ignorance Leads to Unbelief

The teachers in 119 Ministries seem to be diligent and sincere, but their teachings about the applicability of Mosaic law are poison for the faith of a Christian believer. 119 Ministries’ teachers are apparently ignorant of (or disbelieve) the radical changes that occurred with the implementation of the New Covenant. This ignorance results in unbelief, similar to Israel’s unbelief when they refused to enter the Promised Land.

But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcasses fell in the wilderness? And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Hebrews 3:17-19 (KJV)

Likewise, unbelief will prevent us from entering God’s rest, our Promised Land.

Fundamentalism versus Spirit

Messianic 119 Ministries teachers are like many ‘fundamentalist’ Christians who disbelieve that God’s Spirit does supernatural works today. Fundamentalists don’t believe in supernatural ‘gifts of the Spirit’. As a result, their religion is bland, boring, and lifeless.

Below is a graphic illustration using God’s Tabernacle pattern. Fundamentalists choose to stay in the outer court, where the brazen altar and laver are. They refuse to enter into the Holy Place, where the Word of God, the Holy Spirit, and the incense of their praise and worship go into God’s presence.

Tabernacle of God. Pauline Paradox videos encourage us to stay in the outer court.

So, what changed with the implementation of the New Covenant? What is 119 Ministries ignorant of? Simply this: the Law of Christ superseded the Mosaic Law.

Recommended Reading

The two links below provide explanations to define ‘the Law of Christ’ and prove that it superseded the Mosaic law for believers today.

Detailed Responses to the Pauline Paradox Series

Below are the eight titles in the Pauline Paradox video series.

  1. Is the Majority Ever Wrong?
  2. The Paul You Never Knew
  3. Why is Paul So Difficult to Understand?
  4. Which Law Paul?
  5. The Pauline Paradox in Corinthians
  6. The Pauline Paradox in Romans
  7. The Pauline Paradox in Ephesians
  8. The Pauline Paradox in Galatians

I watched all 16.5 hours of the Pauline Paradox video series, taking 22 pages of notes in the process. I estimate it would take 2-3 full weeks of work for me to create 8 detailed responses addressing all 8 videos in the Pauline Paradox series.

To be honest, it was painful listening to these 8 videos, and I haven’t received a lot of responses to this post. So, instead of laboring on this topic further, I’ll be happy to answer any specific questions you have concerning the truth or falsehood of any of the 119 Ministries’ teachings in this series. Simply put your questions in a comment under this article, or email me directly.


  1. Recently began watching “Through the Bible” with Les Feldick, May 2023. . …. Which, in my viewpoint, the writings of Paul are very well instructed.
    This new knowledge has helped me to grasp the differences between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant of Grace.
    Carol, simply an old-dog learning a new way to contemplate.

  2. I’m from over on PrepperNet, and didn’t want to kick the hornets nest over there, lol. Anyway, this was a good read. I’ve seen a couple of others on YT, like RoodAwakening, that are similar I think to 119. It brings up an interesting thought to me – I wonder if there are basically two types of Christianity expected by God. Both believe in Christ and salvation through him (which ultimately achieves the same salvation), but from two different backgrounds – the Messianic Jews and God’s chosen people, Israel, and the rest of us as “Gentiles”. They see it from a viewpoint of Israel and through a historical lense, and feel obligated to carry their rich history all the way from Moses through Christ. On the other hand, we as gentiles are not beholden to that, not having that background. We simply have Christ and his teachings, salvation through hos finished work on the cross, and the early church teachings, forward. In other words, in a crude sense, the believing Israelis are held to a higher standard. I say this partly because several times in the New Testament, their status as God’s chosen people is still mentioned, the coming kingdom will still be in Israel, and even in Revelation it mentions the 144,000 saved Jews separately and specifically. So, to me, while the NT is clear that salvation is salvation, Jew or gentile, and we will both be in Heaven, they seem to still be held in a separate category. I’m just thinking out loud, I’m not a trained Bible scholar or anything, just a believer who believes that the Holy Spirit doesn’t like to be boxed in by our humanistic belief fences on how we read and interpret God’s word, and sometimes leads me to think outside it a bit. I was raised a Baptist, but sometimes I feel like they try to constrain God a little too much on some things by their own interpretations.

    1. Dan,
      Yes, this article did stir some hornets on LOL
      Every (credible) Christian teacher believes that both Jews and Gentiles can only be saved (that is, receive justification in God’s sight) through faith in the atoning work of Jesus. It’s impossible to perfectly obey the Mosaic law, so we cannot be saved by that means. On this point everyone (who is credible) agrees.
      However, after justification some teach the outworking of our Christian faith (sanctification) is different for Jews and Gentiles. I have three thoughts for your consideration on this topic:
      1. In Romans 3:29-30 Paul tells us, “Is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too, since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith.”
      What’s the difference between ‘by’ and ‘through’ faith? Apparently, the religious practices of a Jewish person are only effective if the worshiper sees the Lamb of God as the reality behind the symbolic ‘works of the law’, by faith. He must follow the law by faith.
      In contrast, we Gentiles receive salvation totally through faith, completely outside the Mosaic context.
      The Pulpit Commentary says it this way: “The Jew was already in a position for justification through the Law leading up to Christ. He had only to accept it as of faith, and not of works of law (Rom 3:20). The Gentile must attain to it through faith; i.e. his faith in the gospel now revealed to him.”
      2. A Christian organization in California called “The Concordant Concern” teaches another perspective concerning the difference between Jews and Gentiles. With reference to Abraham’s vision of his descendants being as numerous as ‘the stars in heaven and the sand on the seashore’ in Genesis 22:17, they believe the physical descendants of Abraham (Jews) will fulfill ‘the sand on the seashore’ and they’ll reign on the earth, while the stars in heaven (Gentile believers) are the spiritual descendants of Abraham who will reign in the heavens. This sounds ‘far out’ (pun intended) until you consider that Ephesians 2:6 says we’re literally now seated in heavenly places.
      3. The early apostles distinguished between the two groups. In Galatians 2:7-8 Paul wrote,
      the Lord’s apostles in Jerusalem “saw that I had been entrusted to preach the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been to the circumcised. For the One who was at work in Peter’s apostleship to the circumcised was also at work in my apostleship to the Gentiles.”
      When you compare the epistles of Paul against the epistles of Peter, Jude, and James, it’s obvious they come from a different perspective. The Concordant Concern actually teaches that Paul’s letters were addressed to Gentiles, while Peter, Jude, and James wrote to Jews. I don’t agree, but I can see their argument.
      Finally, you’ll notice I didn’t mention John’s writings with the Jerusalem group. While he started as a Jerusalem apostle, he’s different from them all in many ways. How was he different? His writings were all completed long after the destruction of the temple in 70 AD, which turned the Jewish world upside-down. His gospel and epistles are radically different than other apostolic gospels and epistles. The Book of Revelation is written to 7 Gentile churches in Asia Minor. While he speaks about keeping God’s commandments, (I believe) he’d say God’s two commandments are to love God and your neighbor as yourself. To anyone who’d argue differently, there’s no explicit reference to obeying Mosaic laws in any of John’s writings.
      As a result, I believe John’s writings are the best example of how to ‘bridge the gap’ of this Jew vs Gentile controversy.

  3. It was clearly written in Acts 15:24-29 that the New Testament church was not required to keep the law, except to abstain from things offered to idols, from blood, from things strangled and from sexual immorality. I used to think Paul’s writings were difficult until I just let the words speak for themselves. He who loves has fulfilled the whole law. Lets love one another in Christ and take the veil off our eyes.

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