God's calendar by the sun

What is God’s Calendar, and Why Does It Matter?

In the late Dr. Michael Heiser’s podcast teaching on Revelation chapter 11 he concluded that:

‘If you want to understand the various numbers in Daniel’s prophecies (i.e., 1260, 1290, 1335, 2300) you must use the Zadokite solar calendar. It’s the only calendar that fits.’

Until I heard this statement I’d never seriously questioned the validity of the traditional Hebrew lunisolar calendar.

But, as I’ll prove below, if Jesus was crucified on April 4, in 30 AD, He was compliant with both methods (solar and lunar) to determine Passover that year. So, while the Jews were celebrating Passover according to their Babylonian lunar calendar, the Lamb of God fulfilled Passover on God’s solar calendar date.

A few months ago someone mentioned the Enoch solar calendar, but after looking into it I quickly dismissed it because it didn’t keep the weekly Sabbath day on Saturday, the 7th Day. In other words, every year the weekly Sabbath day could change. I can’t accept the weekly Sabbath being on Tuesday this year, and Monday next year. I wondered how the Zadokite solar calendar was different.

Regarding the lunar calendar, many lunar calendar disputes constantly brew within Jewish/Messianic communities. For example, in my local fellowship, people dispute over what constitutes the new moon.

  • Is the new moon when the moon totally disappears at conjunction? Or,
  • Is the new moon when the first sliver is sighted by two witnesses?
  • The answer determines when each month begins, which controls the dates for Passover, Pentecost, Atonement, etc., on the lunar calendar.

A Paradigm Shift

And so, Dr. Heiser’s statement was revolutionary, a potential paradigm shift, sending me on an investigative journey that resulted in this article.

What is God’s calendar? From Noah’s flood in 2348 BC until Antiochus IV Epiphanes changed it in 167 BC, the evidence clearly proves the Zadokite calendar was the calendar of God’s covenant people.

If that’s true, it is still the calendar God uses—regardless of whether mankind uses it or not.

Ancient Witnesses to God’s Solar Calendar

Here is the body of evidence that convinced me God’s calendar is the solar Zadokite calendar. This evidence is from Genesis, Daniel, Enoch, Jubilees, Solomon’s Temple, and the Dead Sea Scrolls showing (explicit and inferred) proofs that—for thousands of years—YHWH’s ancient disciples used a solar 364-day calendar…not a lunar 354-day calendar.


Noah used God's solar calendar

The Book of Genesis says the flood waters prevailed 150 days over exactly five months. Since the lunar calendar has both 29 and 30-day months, it won’t tally 150 days in five months. Therefore, we can deduce from Genesis that Noah used a solar calendar with 5 months of thirty days each. Here are the details:

  • The rain started on the 17th day of the 2nd month. (Genesis 7:11)
  • The waters prevailed on the earth for 150 days. (Genesis 7:24)
  • After 150 days the waters had gone down. On the 17th day of the 7th month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:3-4)


  • Dr. Michael Heiser states that to understand the prophetic numbers in Daniel (i.e., 1260, 1290, 1335, etc.) you must use the Zadokite solar calendar. Heiser states, ‘If you want to make sense of the numbers, historically and eschatologically, the only way it makes sense within a Jewish/Old Testament/Second Temple Jewish context is if you use this calendar.’ NB-381 Transcript, see page 13
  • Dr. Michael Heiser (MH) quotes Dr. Boccaccini, “Daniel 7:25 blames the iniquitous king, Antiochus Epiphanes, for “changing times” in Temple worship. According to A. Jaubert and J. C. VanderKam [MH: who are two experts on this chronology], this marks the occasion on which the Hellenistic lunar calendar definitively replaced the old Zadokite solar calendar, which Jubilees and [MH: the people at] Qumran would seek in vain to restore after the Maccabean revolt. (The Book of Daniel, Composition and Reception, Vol II, Pg 311)

1 Enoch

Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and sin not as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses the heaven, entering into and departing the portals for thirty days, with the heads of thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated, which divide the four portions of the year, which lead them and enter with them four days.

Owing to them men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the year: yea, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them accurately.

For they belong to the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded (thereon) for ever, one in the first portal and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed in three hundred and sixty-four days. (1 Enoch 82:4-6)

Note: A solar calendar produces a 364-day year, while a lunar calendar produces a 354-day year. Therefore, the reference to 364 above is solar, and 354 (“ten days too soon” in the following ‘Book of Jubilees’ quote) is lunar.


“And all the children of Israel will forget, and will not find the path of the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths, and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years. For I know and from henceforth shall I declare it unto thee, and it is not of my own devising; for the book (lieth) written before me, and on the heavenly tables the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error and after their ignorance. There will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon–now (it) disturbeth the seasons and cometh in from year to year ten days too soon.

For this reason, the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order) and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and sabbaths and feasts and jubilees. Therefore, I command and testify to thee that thou mayest testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go wrong as to the new moons and seasons and sabbaths and festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.” (Jubilees 6:34-38)

Solomon’s Temple Designed for God’s Calendar

Solomon's temple used God's calendar

The Jewish Talmud tells us Solomon architected YHWH’s temple to reveal the exact times of the sun’s equinoxes and solstices at Jerusalem. This is because the vernal (spring) equinox controls the beginning of the year on the Zadokite calendar.

The East Gate into the temple used to be called the Sun Gate or Sunrise Gate. The Sun Gate was used to record the vernal and autumnal equinoxes. Before the exile into Babylon, it was held to be of imperative necessity that on two days of the year the sun shone directly through the Eastern Gate and through all the Eastern Gates of the Temple arranged in a line, directly into the very heart of the Temple proper. The Eastern Gate, also called the Sun Gate, served not only to check the equinoxes, when the sun rises exactly in the east, but the solstices as well: a device on the Eastern Gate was designed to reflect the first rays of the sun on the summer and winter solstices, when the sun rises in the southeast and the northeast respectively.”

The Jerusalem Talmud, Tractate Erubim 22c. (This reference is from Immanuel Velikovsky’s “Worlds In Collision,” 24th printing, page 353.)

Dead Sea Scrolls

God's calendar preserved at Qumran by sons of Zadok
Qumran archeological site

“The Qumran sect believed that God had entrusted them with the innermost secrets of the structure of the universe, including the secret of the true calendar and the exact dates of the festivals. They used a solar calendar, with the year consisting of 364 days. It was divided into twelve months of thirty days, with the exception of the third, sixth, ninth, and twelfth months, which had thirty-one days each. According to this calendar, the festivals always fell on the same day of the week: Passover on a Wednesday, the Festival of Weeks of a Sunday, and the Day of Atonement on a Friday.

(Pg34, The Bible in the Shrine of the Book, From the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Aleppo Codex, Adolfo Roitman, The Israeli Museum, Jerusalem, 2006.)

The Lunar Calendar

  • “The lunar calendar, which Judaism follows to this day, requires a large number of human decisions. People must look at the stars and moon and report on their observations, and someone must be empowered to decide on the new month and the application of leap years. By contrast, the 364-day calendar was perfect,” they write in the Journal of Biblical Literature. “Because this number can be divided into four and seven, special occasions always fall on the same day. This avoids the need to decide, for example, what happens when a particular occasion falls on the Sabbath, as often happens in the lunar calendar. The Qumran calendar is unchanging, and it appears to have embodied the beliefs of the members of this community regarding perfection and holiness.” (TheGuardian, 26 Jan 2018)

The Zadokite Calendar

  • The Zadokite calendar was ‘the official temple calendar up to the Maccabean period.’ (The Book of Daniel, Composition and Reception, Vol II, Pg 326)
  • Dr. Heiser said, “Do you realize that the calendar used today by Judaism (the lunar calendar) was viewed as an apostate, awful thing by the Jews who wrote Jubilees and who lived at Qumran (the Essenes) and the book of Enoch as well. Those are solar calendars. And those are the calendars they believed originated at the time of creation. Everything else was an inferior system…This is what led to the split that created the Qumran community. This was a big deal for them. Because now you’re using a human calendar, one that you have to adjust by arbitrarily adding a month every now and then, as opposed to God’s perfect mathematical calendar. This is an abomination. They never won that fight…Antiochus Epiphanes “changes the times” in the temple worship. They go back to the lunar calendar. They replace the solar calendar.” (NB-381 Transcript, see pages 8-9)
God's calendar in the Dead Sea Scrolls
A Dead Sea Scroll in Jerusalem’s ‘Shrine of the Book’ Museum

Book of Revelation

Dr. Heiser said, “The only ancient text that explicitly elaborates on the figure of Daniel [MH: this numerical figure] is the Revelation of John, and it is strikingly straightforward. The time of persecution is a period of “42 months” [MH: Revelation] (11:2; 13:5), or [MH: it’s described as] “1,260 days” (11:3; 12:6), or “a time, two times and a half time” (12:14).

According to the book of Revelation, therefore, Daniel would have known a solar calendar of twelve 30-day months, which makes a year of 360 days. In fact, such a calendar allows us to establish a sensible relationship among the three calendrical references in Daniel 12. A consistent and proportioned series links the “half week” (1,260 days) to the 1,290 days ([MH: by virtue of] the addition of one 30-day month), which in turn becomes 1,335 days with the further addition of one 30-day month and a half [MH: 30-day month]. (NB-381 Transcript, see page 10)

How Israel Transitioned from God’s Solar Calendar to a Lunar Calendar

In view of the clear evidence that the Zadokite solar calendar was (and is still) God’s calendar, what caused the Jewish religion to change from the solar calendar to a lunar calendar?

Overview of the Jewish Transition from Solar to Lunar Calendar

  • Onias III was the last faithful high priest in Israel. He was a son of Zadok, descended from both Aaron and Levi. His tenure ended in 175 BC.
  • When the gentile Antiochus Epiphanes assumed Seleucid rulership over Israel in 175 BC, he replaced Onias III with Onias’ brother Jason. Unlike Onias, Jason was a Hellenist who favored Greek culture.
  • Within three years Antiochus replaced Jason with the totally corrupt Menelaus, of the tribe of Benjamin, who sold precious temple vessels to purchase the position of high priest. He then murdered Onias III after Onias exposed him.
    • In 167 BC Antiochus defiled the temple with pig blood, erected a statue of Zeus, forbade the Sabbath, circumcision, etc.
    • These abominations caused the Maccabean revolt, which the Maccabees won
  • Following their victory over Antiochus in 164 BC, Hellenist Jewish leaders compromised with their Seleucid (Greek) rulers by (1) keeping Menelaus as high priest, and (2) keeping the Gentiles’ lunar calendar.
    • As a result of this compromise, from 167 BC until today the Jewish religion still uses the lunar calendar.
  • From Menelaus (172 BC) until the Romans destroyed the temple in 70 AD, Gentile rulers sold the high priesthood to the highest bidder.
  • The Jewish religion is without a temple or priests since 70 AD, fulfilling Yeshua’s prophesy, “Your house is left unto you desolate.”

Details of the Jewish Transition from Solar to Lunar Calendar

This section expands on the summary version above, providing more details and dates.

Onias III, 199-175 BC

Onias III was the last high priest who followed God's calendar

Before Antiochus Epiphanes became king, Onias III was the last faithful Aaronic ‘son of Zadok’ to serve as Jewish high priest. Second Maccabees chapter 4 chronicles the betrayal and intrigue of his downfall.

Jason, 175-172 BC

In 175 BC, the new Seleucid ruler, Antiochus Epiphanes, forced Onias III to yield his office to Jason, his brother. Jason was a Hellenist sympathizer who only occupied the position for three years until 172 BC, when Menelaus deceptively ousted him.

“Jason forthwith brought his own nation to Greekish fashion.”

2 Maccabees 4:10

Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175-163 BC

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

After more than 7 years as ruler over the Jews, in 167 BC the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes did two things: he

  1. Desecrated the Jewish temple in an ‘abomination of desolation,’ and he
  2. Changed the Jewish calendar from solar to lunar, thereby changing God’s moedim–His ‘appointed times.’ (1 Maccabees 1:41-50)

Antiochus polluted the temple with pig’s blood on God’s altar and erected a statue of Zeus, whose face resembled Antiochus’ own likeness. Antiochus also outlawed circumcision and Sabbath observance, making violations punishable by death.

These abominations resulted in the Maccabean revolt in 166 BC. The Maccabees finally defeated Antiochus’ army, cleansing and rededicating the temple in 164 BC.

According to 2 Maccabees 5:14-15, Antiochus (guided by Menelaus) killed 80,000 Jews and sold 80,000 others into slavery.

Antiochus Epiphanes died horribly in 164 BC, with every bone broken in a chariot accident and his flesh swarming with worms.

Menelaus, 172-161 BC

In 172 BC Antiochus put the high priest’s office up for auction and Menelaus, a Benjaminite, outbid Jason, deposing him as high priest.

Menelaus didn’t have the money he bid for this sacred office, so he stole sacred temple vessels to raise the sum he needed.

When Onias III heard of this, he publicly accused Menelaus of robbing the temple. To quiet him, Menelaus sent assassins who killed Onias III.

Menelaus was the high priest during the Maccabean revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes.

Changing the Calendar from Solar to Lunar

According to II Maccabees, Menelaus is responsible for persuading Antiochus to Hellenize Jewish worship, including changing the Jewish calendar from solar to lunar in 167 BC.

 After the Jewish Maccabee victory over Antiochus and the recapture of Jerusalem in 164 BC, Maccabean leaders made a political decision to keep the corrupt Menelaus as high priest in the restored and cleansed Jewish temple.

“Despite their firm opposition to the Hellenists, the Maccabees retained the newly-introduced lunar calendar.” (The Book of Daniel, Composition and Reception, Vol II, Pg 327)

The corrupt Menelaus occupied the high priest office for 11 years, from 172 BC until his execution by Antiochus’ successor in 161 BC.

Divided Jewry, from 164 BC to 73 AD

Following the Jewish Maccabees’ victory over Antiochus in 164 BC, Jewish leaders compromised with their Seleucid rulers, keeping the lunar calendar. This compromise caused a split between Hellenistic and traditional Jewish religious groups.

  • Hellenist Jews mixed Greek culture with Jewish traditions. As a result, they adopted the lunar calendar, liberalized Torah observance, elevated ‘oral traditions,’ and canceled God’s requirement that high priests be descendants of Aaron, i.e., Menelaus.
  • In contrast, traditional Jewish leaders believed in keeping the solar calendar, following the Torah, and restricting the priesthood to the sons of Levi/Zadok.
    • But, with Judah under Seleucid rulership, this party lacked any political support to exist.
    • As a result, they left Jerusalem, ‘shaking the dust from their feet’ to form a monastic community in the desert wilderness at Qumran.
    • In Qumran, the ‘Zadokites’ saw themselves as the ‘sons of Zadok’ in Ezekiel’s apocalyptic temple prophecy.

The ‘Sons of Zadok’ Prophecy in Ezekiel

The Zadokites in Qumran considered the Hellenists in Jerusalem to be apostates from YHWH, while they considered themselves to be the prophetic ‘sons of Zadok’ in Ezekiel’s prophecy.

The prophet Ezekiel lived 400 years before the events of 167 BC. Within his end-time temple prophecies, Ezekiel prophesied explicitly about apostate priests versus the sons of Zadok, “who kept charge of My sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from Me.” (Ezekiel 44:15)

Apostate priests

About the apostate priests Ezekiel wrote:

Surely the Levites who wandered away from Me when Israel went astray, and who wandered away from Me after their idols, will bear the consequences of their iniquity. Yet they shall be ministers in My sanctuary, having charge of the gates of the temple and ministering there. They shall slaughter the burnt offerings and other sacrifices for the people and stand before them to minister to them.

Because they ministered before their idols and became a stumbling block of iniquity to the house of Israel, therefore I swore with an uplifted hand concerning them that they would bear the consequences of their iniquity, declares the Lord GOD. They must not approach Me to serve Me as priests or come near any of My holy things or the most holy things. They will bear the shame of the abominations they have committed.

Ezekiel 44:10-13
Godly Priests

Ezekiel then proceeded, writing:

But the Levitical priests, who are descended from Zadok and who kept charge of My sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from Me, are to approach Me to minister before Me. They will stand before Me to offer Me fat and blood, declares the Lord GOD. They alone shall enter My sanctuary and draw near to My table to minister before Me. They will keep My charge…In regard to their inheritance, I am their inheritance. You are to give them no possession in Israel, for I am their possession.

Ezekiel 44:15-16, 28

The Zadokites in Qumran applied Ezekiel’s ‘sons of Zadok’ prophecy to themselves, believing the Jerusalem Hellenizers were “the Levites who wandered away from YHWH.”

The Zadokites dwelt in Qumran for more than 100 years until the Romans destroyed their community between 68-73 AD.

The Jewish Religion from 73 AD to Today

For more than 1800 years after the Romans destroyed the Qumran community (until a boy discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1946) the world forgot everything about the Zadokites’ beliefs, their writings, and God’s calendar.

In the meantime, since 167 BC all Jewish religious sects continue using the lunar calendar. That is, each month starts with a ‘new moon’ and when this calendar gets ‘out of sync’ with the four seasons a 13th month is added to compensate.

The Bible, Talmud, Mishnah, etc.

As Winston Churchill famously said, “History is written by the victors.”

Regarding God’s calendar, the historical victors (so far) are the proponents of Hellenistic Judaism.

  • The Zadokites fled from Jerusalem in 167 BC, becoming a marginalized Jewish sect in the desert under the Seleucids. Then, the Romans completely destroyed them around 67-73 AD and they disappeared from history—until a boy discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1946.
  • Meanwhile, Hellenistic Judaism continued in the Jerusalem temple under the Seleucids and then the Romans, until the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and exiled surviving Jews from their land in 70 AD. But, even as exiles among the nations for almost two millennia, their version of Hellenistic Judaism still survives today.

Therefore, since before the Pharisees and Sadducees existed, and 1600 years before Gothenburg invented the printing press, the world has only known the Hellenistic version of Judaism—which uses the Gentiles’ lunar calendar.

Fast forward to today… all Jewish and Christian writers, Bible translators, and publishers assume the Jewish religion’s 2100-year-old lunar calendar is correct. Since it’s so ancient, all our Bible translations and seminaries have this perspective.

What is God’s Calendar?

This section briefly describes the Zadokite calendar and its benefits. Use the hyperlinked resources at the end of this article for more-detailed study.


  • In the Zadokite calendar the year always contains 364 days.
  • Each year consists of twelve months of thirty days each, plus four additional days, one of which is intercalated (added, inserted) at the end of each three-month period.
    • For example, the first and second months are 30 days long, while the third month totals 31 days; then the pattern repeats.
    • Each three-month period is 91 days long.
    • Four 91-day quarters combine in a 364 day year.
  • New Year’s Day and the first day of each quarter always falls on a Wednesday.
    • Wednesday is the day mandated as the first day by the creation order, since the heavenly lights – sun, moon and stars, the basis of all calendars – were created on the fourth day (Gen. 1:14-19).
  • A particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.
  • Festivals occur on the same day each year, and never on a (Saturday) Sabbath, thereby avoiding conflicts about sacrifices.


  • A great advantage of the Zadokite solar calendar over the lunar calendar is that it results in fixed dates for the major festivals.
  • This calendar guarantees that a particular day of any given month will always fall on the same day of the week every year.
  • The 364-day year is divisible by 7, which fits God’s pattern of time keeping.
    • God created the heavens and earth in 7 days
    • 7 days x 52 weeks = 364 days in a year
    • 7 years in a shmitah period
    • 7 x 7 years in a 49-year Jubilee cycle
    • There are 7000 years in God’s plan for this creation (2 Peter 3:8)

God’s Calendar Template

Sabbath Days on God’s Calendar

In God’s calendar the 7th-day Sabbath repeats on the same days each year. For example, in the diagram below read across from left to right to see the red Sabbath dates are the same in months 1, 4, 7, and 10. Then, read across to find the blue dates are the same on months 2, 5, 8, and 11, and they’re the same for green months 3, 6, 9, and 12.

You can verify this pattern in the calendar template on the next page.

Sabbath days have a repeating pattern
Image from Part 1 of the Asherit Dead Sea Scrolls video series

Since God created the sun, moon and stars on the 4th day of creation, the Zadokite solar calendar starts on the 4th day of the week (Wednesday) after the spring equinox.

Sorry for the small text; please zoom-in to see the details more clearly.

God's Calendar template
Download calendar at https://zadokway.com/calendar

‘Appointed Times’ on God’s Calendar

God’s appointed times (see Leviticus 23) are highlighted in yellow or green in the template above. These appointed times occur on the same days each year:

  1. Passover – 14th of 1st month
  2. Unleavened Bread – 15th to 21st of the 1st month
  3. Firstfruits of Barley – 26th of 1st month
  4. Shavuot or Pentecost (firstfruits of wheat) – 15th of 3rd month
  5. Trumpets – 1st of 7th month
  6. Day of Atonements – 15th of 7th month
  7. Sukkot (Tabernacles) – 15th to 21st of 7th month, and the 8th Day on the 22nd of 7th month

Resolving My Own Arguments Against the Solar Zadokite Calendar

Before accepting the Zadokite solar calendar as God’s calendar I had to overcome these four major objections.

1.      Doesn’t the Bible talk about the new moon, including a new moon celebration?

Here are the only verses that mention “new moon.” Quotes are from the Aramaic Bible in Plain English:

  1. Numbers 10:10 And in the day of your joy and of your meetings and of the beginnings of your months, sound with the trumpets for your burnt offerings and for your peace offerings and they shall be to you for a memorial before your God; I AM YHWH your God.”
  2. Isaiah 1:13 You shall not continue to bring to me worthless savor offerings. It is disgusting to me. At the first of the months and on the Sabbath you assemble an assembly.
  3. 1 Chronicles 23:31 And to offer up sacrifices to YHWH on the Sabbaths, and on the first of the months, and at feasts by their number…
  4. 2 Chronicles 2:4 Even now I am building a house for the name of YHWH my God, to hallow it and to bring before him censers of sweet incense and to light a lamp constantly, and to bring sacrifices at dawn and in the evening, and on the Sabbaths in the first of the month, and at the feasts of YHWH our God for eternity…
  5. 2 Chronicles 31:3 And the King gave some of his slaughtered ones, sacrifices of oxen of the dawn and of the evening, and offerings of Sabbaths and of the beginning of the month, and of the feasts…
  6. Nehemiah 10:33 For the bread of the offering, for the continual offering and for the continual sacrifice of the Sabbaths, and of the beginning of months, and of the feasts…

New Moon or First Day?

I chose quotes from the Aramaic Bible in Plain English because it consistently translates ‘new moon” to mean the 1st day of the month, or the 1st day of the year, without any reference to the moon. Here are the underlined portions from the six references above:

  1. the beginnings of your months
  2. the first of the months
  3. the first of the months
  4. the first of the month
  5. the beginning of the month
  6. the beginning of months

The Hebrew word chodesh can either mean moon or month, so most translators assume that more than 2100 years of rabbinic tradition is correct when they choose to translate chodesh as ‘new moon’ instead of ‘beginning of the month.’

As you see on the image below, the Hebrew word for moon ‘yarach’ isn’t found anywhere in the Hebrew manuscripts where it says, “new moon.”

Also, the image below shows another possibility for ‘new moon’ events mentioned in scripture. Perhaps they were the first days of the months following the quarterly ‘intercalary’ days. Asherit explains this concept starting at the 5:36 minute mark in this video. To better understand these technically complicated topics, click the hyperlinks I’ll provide at the end of this article.

Four days added, one per quarter
Image from Asherit Dead Sea Scrolls video #1

2.      Why is Firstfruits of Barley on Aviv 26 in God’s Calendar?

Most Messianic disciples believe the ‘Firstfruits of Barley‘ should be celebrated on the Sunday within the week-long Feast of Unleavened Bread. This is the Sunday when Yeshua appeared to Mary and the disciples after His resurrection as the ‘firstfruits of the dead.’

On the Zadokite calendar image below, this Sunday is the 19th day of the 1st month. However, the Zadokite calendar places the Firstfruits of Barley event on the following Sunday, the 26th day of the first month. What’s up with that?

first month of Zadokite calendar

My Question

I emailed Asherit from the YouTube Asherit Dead Sea Scrolls channel, asking this question:

“I recently listened to a podcast by Dr. Michael Heiser in which he asserted that the Zadokite calendar is the only one that fits the numbers in Daniel’s prophecies. As a result, in researching the Zadok calendar I discovered your YouTube series. I’ve watched all 5 parts, and they’re very good, but I have a hang-up about the dating of Firstfruits that (I see) others have also asked you.

Basically, I don’t understand why Firstfruits can’t be on the Sunday within the feast of Unleavened Bread (ULB). Why does it need to be after ULB?

In your YouTube Discussion page (2 years ago) Anne Fallible asked you about this and you said you’d email her a lengthy response. If you can find it, please send me this response. Or you can send me a more current explanation if that’s more convenient.”

The Answer

Asherit gave me this response the same day:

‘So, this was a source of debate among my group of friends before I discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) and the First Fruits of Barley date on Abib 26 and it actually served as confirmation that whoever wrote the DSS knew the Torah very well. 

When we read Leviticus 23 it was clear that the First Fruits of Barley could not occur within the 7 days of Passover and Unleavened Bread because the 7 feasts were divided into separate sections and First Fruits was not within the section for Passover and Unleavened Bread. First Fruits of Barley and the 50-day count to Shavuot were together but separated from the earlier 7 days of Passover and the later feast of Yom Teruah/Trumpets. There were basically two different camps: 1) First Fruits must be the day following the first Sabbath after the 7 days ends and 2) After the weekly Sabbath during the week of Passover you must count 50 days to the Barley harvest and then another 50 days to the Wheat harvest. 

Option 2 never made much sense to me but I thought option 1 was the best answer. After I found the DSS and saw that over 2,200 years ago they wrote it was the 26th which is the Sunday following the first weekly Sabbath after the end of Passover/Unleavened Bread I was thrilled to have a definitive answer instead of just a guess.

Another Confirmation

Then when I read in Jubilees that the feast of Shavuot was in the middle of the 3rd month, it was another confirmation that it lined up with Torah. I had always argued that starting the 50-day omer count during the 7 days of Unleavened Bread would never get you into the middle of the 3rd month when Israel arrived at Mt. Sinai according to Exodus, the closest you could get was a full week BEFORE the middle of the 3rd month…so how could Shavuot commemorate arriving at the holy mountain of Yah? 

(Here she inserted the text of Leviticus 23:1-22, which I’ve removed. It’s available in your Bible.)

Reconciling the Dilemma

So, I understand that a lot of people have been taught that Yeshua had to be resurrected on First Fruits of Barley because He is called the First Fruits of the resurrection later and if He didn’t rise from the dead on First Fruits then He didn’t fulfill the feasts properly. This has been a popular Torah movement teaching which was based more on the lunar calendar tradition of the Rabbi’s who routinely mix and overlap their feast days and Shabbats.

Understanding the Background

So where did the idea come that He would be the First Fruit if He didn’t resurrect on that feast day? Isaiah 53. This is also where we get the understanding the He was to be our Atonement as it states in Hebrews although He didn’t die on Day of Atonement. Yeshua was the first to resurrect to ETERNAL life out of land that was dry, devoid of the living water needed for life. Because He was the first to resurrect with eternal life, He can now impart this to us as the Day of Atonement sacrifice. 
If you will recall the part of His trial when Barabbas (Son of the Father) was placed next to Him and the people chose Yeshua as their sacrifice and that Barabbas would be set free.

The first Adam destroyed eternal life and until Yeshua there was no eternal life imparted to anyone, only the expectation of eternal life in the future Messiah which it says that Abraham saw and rejoiced over. This is why Yeshua is called the 2nd Adam/the Last Adam. But the association doesn’t dictate that He must be resurrected on the feast of First Fruits to be the First Fruit, just as He didn’t have to do it all over again in the 7th month just so He could be called our Atonement. It simply means that He fulfilled or filled up with meaning, those specific roles during His ministry. 
I hope this helps…Shalom!’

3.      A year isn’t 364 days, it is 365.25 days!

Yes, that’s correct. So, just as in our ‘leap year,’ where we add a compensating day (February 29th) to our calendar every 4 years, the Zadokite solar calendar adds days to the end of a year after every five or six years, depending on the vernal (spring) equinox.

Intercalation Rule

Simply put, the Zadokite calendar’s calendar-adjustment rule is that whenever the spring equinox would extend past day 364 at the end of a year, add up to seven days to start the next year’s cycle on the following Wednesday.

For example, look at the diagram below:

  • The calendar numbers the days of the year from 1-364. In the Zadokite calendar Day 1 is always on a Wednesday, Pentecost (Day 75) is always on a Sunday, and Yom Kippur (Day 192) is always on a Friday, etc.
  • Red dates are Biblical festival dates, which never vary.
  • Solid Red boxes are equinoxes and solstices
  • Green boxes are Sabbath days (Saturdays)
  • Blue boxes are the 91st day of each quarter, and intercalation days at the end of the year.

As you can see, the Spring equinox at the top beginning of the year (solid red box) was on the 3rd Day of the week (Tuesday), but at the end of the year the Spring Equinox falls on Wednesday, which would be day 365. Therefore, add seven days (after day 364) to start day 1 of the following year on the next Wednesday (after Day 7 in the blue box). This resets the Zadokite solar calendar, just as adding February 29th resets the Julian calendar during a leap year.

Zadok priestly calendar
Image from Asherit Dead Sea Scrolls video #5

Then, at the end of the year following the year depicted in the diagram above, the Spring equinox will occur on day 359, so that year can end on Tuesday, day 364 and the year after that can start the next day. Another intercalation adjustment won’t be necessary again until the spring equinox occurs after day 364, after five or six years.

4. Does Psalm 104:19 support a lunar calendar?

Psalm 104:19 says, “He made the moon (yarach) for times (moedim, appointed times) and the sun knows the time of its settings.” This verse seems to support a lunar calendar for setting the dates of YHWH’s ‘appointed times.’

My Question

I emailed Asherit about this, writing:

Asherit, I have a quick question that you might be able to help me with.  Psalm 104:19 says, “He made the moon (yarach) for times (moedim, appointed times) and the sun knows the time of its settings.”

This verse explicitly says God created the moon for the moedim. However, in the Zadokite calendar the moon is not associated with the moedim, so how should we understand this verse?

The Answer

Asherit emailed her response to me, saying:

I believe that this verse is referring to the appointed times of the vernal and autumnal equinoxes when the moon serves as a witness to the season as established by the sun alone.

Enoch 1 tells us that two times a year the moon changes its course to set with the sun through the same gate. I have a video on my YT channel of the sun and moon setting together through the same gate on the equinox. In other words, the sun knows it’s going down, it precise location through the new gate, and the moon acts as a faithful witness. 

I believe that because we are so far removed from understanding the motion of the heavens like the ancients knew them that we don’t understand references that would have been clear to them at the time it was written. I hope this helps! 

Understanding Ps 104:19

Her response makes sense to me. Here’s how I now understand Psalm 104:19:

  • The psalmist wasn’t endorsing the lunar calendar. He was referring to the two times per year when the moon synchronizes with the sun in an equinox. They are the ‘two witnesses’ of each equinox.
  • The Spring equinox (when the moon passes through the same ‘gate’ as the sun) is used to establish all 364 dates for the entire year that follows, including the dates for all the ‘appointed times’ in Leviticus chapter 23.
  • The image below is from her YouTube video demonstration of the moon serving as a witness to the sun during the Spring and Autumn equinoxes. It starts at the 14:38 minute point in Zadok Calendar In The Dead Sea Scrolls Part 3.
How to visually confirm equinoxes
Zadok Calendar in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Part 3

Which Calendar Did Jesus Use?

A person could argue that Jesus celebrated the feasts (and was crucified) while the Jews were celebrating feasts according to the lunar calendar. So, if God’s calendar is the solar calendar, the central event in all of creation–the crucifixion–must occur in alignment with the solar calendar. This dilemma is valid, so what are the facts?

In response to a comment from Mike on 1/26/2024, I used Stellarium software to calculate the historical solar and lunar calendars’ dates for Passover between 24 AD and 33 AD. This date range (24-33 AD) is based on three assumptions.

  1. According to Biblical and historical evidence for Herod’s reign and death, the earliest year Jesus could’ve been born is 6BC. (Matthew 2:1,16 and Luke 3:1)
  2. Jesus was about 30 years old when He started His ministry. (Luke 3:23)
  3. His ministry lasted 1-3 years.

Here’s what I discovered. In the year 30 AD, the calendars aligned perfectly.

Scholars are divided on which year Jesus was crucified, but 30 AD is one of the most popular, along with 28 and 33 AD. So, if Jesus was crucified in 30 AD, He was compliant with both methods (solar and lunar) to calculate the Passover date. If so, Jesus fulfilled Passover on God’s calendar, with His own blood, while the Jews were slaughtering their Passover lambs at the same time, referring to their lunar calendar.

Explanations about this chart:

  • Vernal equinox is the spring equinox. In the Zadok solar calendar, the spring equinox signals the beginning of the new year.
    • I used https://www.epistemeacademy.org/calendars/page_convert.html to determine the day of the week in column three.
    • The Zadokite calendar’s calendar-adjustment rule is to extend past day 364 (always a Tuesday) at the end of a year, adding up to seven days to start the next year’s cycle on the following Wednesday.
  • The ‘Solar New Year Date’ in the fourth column applies the calendar-adjustment rule to calculate the solar new year date for each year.
  • To determine the new moon date, I defaulted to the conjunction date (dark moon) rather than the first sliver sighting. An argument can be made for both methods.
  • The columns labelled Zadok 14th and Jewish 14th show the Passover dates for the solar and lunar calendars, respectively.

Conclusion: the Zadokite Priestly Calendar is God’s Calendar

The solar Zadokite calendar is God’s calendar.

  • For more than 2000 years, from Noah’s flood in 2348 BC until Antiochus IV Epiphanes changed it in 167 BC, historical evidence proves God’s covenant people used the Zadokite calendar.
  • If that’s true, it is still the calendar God uses—regardless of whether mankind uses it or not.

To Learn More About God’s Calendar


1. Calendar Dead Sea Scrolls by Professor Rachel Elior of Hebrew University This fascinating 2-hour 20 minute video includes three parts.

  • From the start to 1:06:15 The Dead Sea Scrolls, the Zadokites and the Essenes, the covenant and the sacred calendar, Enoch, angelic priestly ministries, angelic Melchizedek
  • Question and Answer period: 1:06:18 to 1:22:55 includes the history of how the ancient rabbis forbid Jewish people from reading books outside the Old Testament canon, such as Enoch, Jubilees, etc.
  • From 1:23:00 to the end: The Zadokite Solar Calendar is God’s calendar. Rosh Hashanah isn’t a legitimate Jewish New Year; how the lunar calendar displaced the solar calendar.

2. Asherit’s Zadok Calendar in the Dead Sea Scrolls 5-part series on YouTube:

  • Part 1 Introduction and Overview of the Zadokite solar calendar
  • Part 2 How the Zadokite solar calendar operates from year to year; intercalary days, vernal equinox
  • Part 3 The luminary cycles of the sun, moon and stars; how to observe the equinox
  • Part 4 Comparison of various lunar and solar calendars. Intercalation. How the solar calendar changed to lunar.
  • Part 5 Continuation of Part 4. Why the Zadok calendar is superior to other calendars, and how to establish Day 1.



  1. I like all the research that has gone into this article. However, everybody knows that the earth’s path around the sun is 365.25 days and that the time between the spring and fall equinoxes is significantly longer that the time between the fall and spring equinoxes since the earth’s path is an elliptical orbit.

    Four years ago, you and I had some email conversations about this, but at the time, I hadn’t put my thoughts into writing. I will email a couple of chapters of my writings on the calendar to you. I hope you can review them.

  2. Thank you for all of the time and efforts to put this together in one spot.

    I cannot seem to find, “The Jerusalem Talmud, Tractate Erubim 22c”. Can this be found by another name or title? I am interested in being able to use this as a source confirming what the Talmud says about the orientation of the Temple and the purposes thereof. Thanks for the help.

    1. Marc,
      The ‘Tractate Erubim 22c’ reference is from a footnote on page 353 in Immanuel Velikovsky’s 1950 catastrophism Book entitled ‘Worlds In Collision.’ I can’t find the Tractate Erubim 22c, so Velikovsky either had a typo in his footnote, or the tractate is lost since 1950.
      I’ve updated my post to show where I got the reference.
      Velikovsky is a credible source, so I trust that his information was authentic, even though I can’t find his source today.

  3. According to the Zadokite Calendar we have about 1 Jubilee left. Meaning 49 years going over to 6000 years. For the beginning of the 7000 years reign of YESHUWAH. And at the 7th sabbatical year of the Lord YESHUWAH.
    Which also indicate that ” If the days was not shortened, no flesh would be alive, BUT FOR THE ELECT SAKE” The days shall be shortened. My qeustian is how much shorter will it be?
    I have this to give some evidence that the Zadokite Calendar are closest to God Calendar..I have a dead sea calendar that shows where we are in time. But i need to upload it and do not know where on this post. Thank you what i truly believe is that the Zadokite Calendar are correct. God never started His creation at the beginning of the sunrise. Because of what took place in genesis greation week. God started the creation on the ” Evening”.

    Meaning customly from sunset to sunset. And not sunrise.

    But great work.

    The Jonas sign is the key.

  4. Question on the timing of year 30: If the Tzadok year started on the same day as the new moon conjunction, then Yeshua and company ate the Passover meal on a Tuesday night and He was executed on the next day–Wednesday–Passover on the 14th and execution on the 15th of the Tzadok calendar’s Aviv. The Pharisaic calendar had the same day as the 14th that year so how is it that Yeshua was executed “while the Jews were slaughtering their Passover lambs at the same time”? I must be missing something so please explain.

    1. Lawrence,
      If the rabbinical and Zadokite calendars both started on the same day in 30AD, the Aviv 14 and 15 also occur in parallel. The Passover lamb was slaughtered on the 14th, as Yeshua died on the cross. After sundown, which started the 15th, the Jews ate the roasted lamb in the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The two calendars are in sync that year. I don’t see where you think there’s a disconnect.

      1. But my question deals with Yeshua’s Seder meal the evening before he died. They ate the Passover lamb also, didn’t they? Where did Peter and John get their lamb for the Seder if the lamb is to be slain on the 14th between evens?

        1. Lawrence,
          I think you’re asking a question I’ve also wrestled with. That question is, “Was the last supper a Passover meal, or a preparation meal?”

          Here’s the problem:
          – In all three synoptic gospels, Jesus said he and his disciples were going to eat the Passover before they went to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray before his arrest and crucifixion. (Mt 26:17, Mk 14:14, Lk 22:8)
          – But, the gospel of John presents a different story. John 18:28 says the Jews ate the Passover lamb after the crucifixion, which seems to contradict the synoptic gospels.

          Here are a couple references that provide some light on the dilemma:
          1. https://www.fusionglobal.org/jewish-holidays/passover/was-the-last-supper-the-last-seder/
          2. Michael Rood’s “Chronological Gospels” Bible translation argues that the synoptic gospels were referring to the last supper occurring on ‘the day of preparation’ for the Passover, and not the Passover itself. He says the Greek word ‘protos’ was mistranslated in our English Bibles, giving an incorrect impression that the Feast of Unleavened Bread began before the last supper. If he is correct, the last supper occurred after sunset, at the beginning of Aviv 14, and Jesus was crucified the following afternoon, which was still Aviv 14. Then, the Jews celebrated the Feast of Unleavened Bread the following evening, on Aviv 15.

  5. I enjoyed this article.If you read exodus 16,I am not going by a lunar Sabbath but by numbers reading this chapter going by the next Sabbath you get the 22nd.Working backwards you get a 14th Passover on the 4th day and a Sabbath on a 3,10,17and 24 which going into the 2nd month which in this particular year Exodus 16 it would be again 1,8,15and 22.From here going into the 7th month you get the day of atonement on a sabbath.If this numbering is the start of a calendar this would make the day of atonement a sabbath.I know in Noah’s day it would be different,but again going by this year,don’t know if it is a continuance of a calendar for good it would make sense the day of atonement would be a sabbath of Sabbaths.My question the zadokite calendar has Friday I believe a day different why. Again thank you.

  6. I jumped the gun on fiirst fruits you explained it the best you ca.n with video but its still foggy in my mind.The calendar you have says Passover is on a tuesday.If you read exodus 16 and work backwards the 15th or the 16th day being the first day so if you go forward the 22nd being a sabbath.I’m going by numbers going backwards going back into the first month the 14th of this month which the 14th is Passover would land on the 4th day not the 3rd day.It seems it adds up this way so why the 3rd day on Aaron calendar,thanks

  7. F.Y.I. By the time Jesus ministered on earth the Romans had replaced their old Republican calendar that started the year in the ides of Martius (full moon) with a calculated (Julian) calendar consisting of four-year cycles. Every month was assigned a fixed number of days except for the twelfth month (Februarius), which was extended by one day every fourth year. Back then, the Julian calendar was considered consistent with the seasons thus it assigned fixed dates to future solstices and equinoxes. The Hebrews however, observed a calendar that could not be predetermined but desired the benefits of precalculation. That is why the Qumran documents were written.

    About twenty different texts found in Qumran deal with calendars. I believe the calendar you call “Zadok” is described in fragments labeled 4Q320, which depict repeating cycles of seven years. Please notice another calendar described in two fragments labeled 4Q321. It shows a pattern that repeats in cycles of “six” years (not seven). 4Q321 begins in the spring of a year called “previous” and continues with the “first year”, then the second, third, fourth and fifth years. The end of the “fifth” year precisely ties with the start of the “previous” year. It matches the month, the day of the week, the priestly course and the moon phases, thus the six year cycle restarts. The 4Q321 calendar copies the Julian pattern but allocates Hebrew feast dates, priestly division assignments, new moon and full moon dates in sequential order. Because the Julian calendar assigns a fixed date to the vernal equinox it literally fixes Hebrew dates to Roman months.

    Clearly, the Qumran dwellers were trying different calendar patterns to precalculate the Hebrew dates in order to improve their calendar according to the new, more accurate Roman system. To my knowledge, none of the calendars found at Qumran claim to be the one God had intended from the beginning.

    Eventually, the Julian calendar that averaged 365.25 days in length was found faulty and replaced with pope Gregory XIII’s calendar that averages 365.2425 days. The Gregorian calendar average length is closer but still longer than the Tropical year calculated to be 365.242199… days long. The Tropical year average length is not a number perfectly divisible by any number and therefore, cannot be precalculated consistently.

    I am not saying that the Sadok calendar is wrong; I do not know that, yet. The calendar that Jesus observed is the same calendar that the nation of Israel observed at that time; therefore, it must conform to every detail described in the gospels with regard to Jesus’ earthly ministry. The gospels provide many facts and hidden clues that allow to determine specific dates and follow Jesus’ footsteps throughout his ministry. Because I consider all of the gospel information to be inspired by God, the true calendar must agree congruently with all such information. I am now trying to verify every gospel detail within the parameters of the Zadok calendar to determine its validity by comparing its dates against the astronomical dates. Perhaps you could do the same.

    It may be possible that more than one calendar pattern fits all of the gospel information regarding the ministry of Jesus but so far, after comparing several of the proposed calendars I have found only one pattern that does exactly that. There are calendar parameters that allow to assign actual dates to Jesus’ birth, baptism and crucifixion in a way that agrees with all of the gospel information; and I mean ALL OF IT. It also answers the questions that you could not answer above, such as Mike’s on 5 February 2024. If you wish, I will share my findings with you.


  8. Shalom brother,

    Thanks for following-up with my first questions from my first questions (Acts 17:10-11), this is a very insightful article for sure 🙂

    We do see at Luke 2:41–regarding when Yeshua was found in the Temple with the Teachers of his day–we see that Yeshua’s parents went to Yerushalayim ‘every year’ for the festival for Pesach. v42 says this was their custom….was that done according to the Zadok Calendar or what was proclaimed from the Sanhedrin? This isn’t just 1 year, this is ‘every year’.

    Some additional ‘food for thought’ is regarding Moshe and what he doing during his time in Midian; we see at Ex 4:24-26 that Moshe’s negligence to circumcise his son almost brought death upon him, as circumcision is a sign of the Covenant….if Moshe had strayed that far away from YAH’s ways, he wouldn’t have been held accountable for his negligence to carry out the Commandment, and that’s because he knew it was required. If Moshe knew of this commandment (as did Abaham–Gen 26:5) then how could he have not know about something like the Zadok Calendar? He couldn’t have written about all of the dates/times we read about in Genensis unless he already knew when/where/how they happened, and so there would have been no need to define the timing of the the Moedim–because he already knew them. It doesn’t seem likely he strayed that far away from YAH’s covenant.

    Also, we see at Ex 13:19 that Moshe knew Yosef’s bones had to be taken back to the promised land…if Moshe knew of something that important which had been passed down to him orally, how much more so would he have known about something like keeping the Zadok Calendar that would also have been passed down to him. It still doesn’t change the fact that the timing of the Moedim had to be defined for Moshe, which would not have been necessary if he already knew something like what we call, today, The Zadok Calendar’.

    These few points are just ‘food for thought’ because there seems to be a lot of wisdom in the Zadok Calendar, but there’s also some points where it doesn’t seem to line up with certain events in the bible–like Yosef and Mary going to Yerushalayim ‘every year’ for the Moedim, which they would have done when they were proclaimed from Yerushalayim, by the Sanhedrin.

    Thanks for the great article! 🙂

    1. Mike,

      Yes, I assume that Joseph, Mary, and Jesus celebrated the annual moedim according to the rabbinical lunar calendar which has been dominant in Jewish culture since 164BC.
      But that doesn’t mean God endorses the lunar calendar.
      All of the Lev 23 annual moedim celebrations are symbolic, meant to either remind people of God’s people of past actions, or teach them what to expect in the future.
      For example, Israel has been celebrating Passover for 3470 years since the exodus from Egypt in 1446 BC. (For verification of this date see my article on the 70th Jubilee.) To the Israelites, all of these Passovers are remembrances of that ancient event. But, for Christians, 3469 of these were remembrances, but one was the fulfillment of what the Passover Lamb symbolized. That one Passover had to occur on Aviv 14 on God’s calendar. For the 3469 other Passover occurrences, it didn’t really matter if it was off by a few days.
      While the Jews have celebrated Passover according to the moon for the last 2188 years, Jesus’ crucifixion and the outpouring of God’s Spirit on Pentecost occurred on their exact dates according to God’s calendar. As I show in the article above, in 30AD the lunar and solar calendars coincided, so both were correct that year. As a result, the temple priests were slaughtering their Passover lamb at exactly the same time the Sanhedrin used the Romans to crucify Jesus.
      For the moedim in other years, I don’t think it matters if Joseph, Mary, and Jesus celebrated them on the rabbis’ lunar calendar dates. The symbolic meaning of the moedim wasn’t affected.
      To carry this forward into our modern time, it doesn’t matter which calendar we use to set our annual moedim celebrations. The important thing isn’t the date, but it’s learning the symbolic truths that each moedim represents. There’s no benefit in celebrating the moedim if it’s not done worshipfully, in faith. Otherwise, they’re just another dead religious ritual.
      If it doesn’t matter exactly when we celebrate the annual moedim, a person might wonder why I wrote this post and why we’re debating which calendar is correct. For me it’s not so I can celebrate the moedim on their correct dates, although that’s preferable. Rather, it’s so we can be watchful for the fulfillment of those moedim that will be fulfilled in our future, staring with Yom Teruah and Yom Kippur. Also, I suspect the abomination of desolation will occur during a Passover week, so I’m watching for that too.
      So, while I don’t think it matters whether we celebrate Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur, and Sukkot according to the lunar or solar calendar, YHWH will certainly fulfill these events on their exact days, according to His calendar in the future. Therefore, knowing which calendar God is using helps us to be watchful during those times.

  9. Superb Article. The Zadok Calendar has come to my attention, and I was quite curious about it because Ezekiel 44:15-31 tells us the Zadok Kohenim will be teaching all Y’israel–what an exciting time it will be!
    There’s a couple of things I’m trying to gain clarity on: If the Zadok Calendar is the correct one to use, then why wasn’t Yeshua following it? The difference in timing of the Pesach/Passover between the Zadok Calendar vs the Jewish Calendar would be about 2 weeks, so why didn’t Yeshua have Passover according to the Zadok Calendar? He died on Passover day according to the Jewish Calendar, not the Zadok Calendar. Also, if Moshe was following the Zadok Calendar, then why did the begining of months, heads of year, timing of the Moedim, etc.. have to be defined for him? Would he not have already known it? Or, at the very least, why did YHWH not tell him to follow what had been given to Enoch/Hanok vs telling him how to establish the months, years, moedim, etc.?
    King regards, Mike

    1. Mike,
      Thanks for your comment. I revised the article’s beginning and ending as a result of your question. Be sure to look at the chart, just above the article’s conclusion. Shalom brother.
      P.S. Regarding why Moses needed to be told when the year started, I have many ideas, but it’s hard to be definitive. Before the exodus, Moses lived 40 years in Pharoah’s household and then spent 40 years with Jethro, priest of Midian. We can’t assume Moses learned anything godly during these two time periods. Egypt would have taught him a pagan worldview. And, we don’t know if Jethro was godly or not.

  10. Concerning the timeline of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus, you really need to read: Mysteries of Jesus’ Life Revealed (His birth, death, resurrection, and ascensions) by Joseph Lenard, for He did not die in AD 33, which is proven through scripture.

  11. HelIo, Interesting page I would like to see if you had a link so I could look this up for myself. I believe it, but need to do checking on my own.
    Thank you
    Rod Raines

    The Jewish Talmud tells us Solomon architected YHWH’s temple to reveal the exact times of the sun’s equinoxes and solstices at Jerusalem. This is because the vernal (spring) equinox controls the beginning of the year on the Zadokite calendar.

    “The East Gate into the temple used to be called the Sun Gate or Sunrise Gate. The Sun Gate was used to record the vernal and autumnal equinoxes. Before the exile into Babylon, it was held to be of imperative necessity that on two days of the year the sun shone directly through the Eastern Gate and through all the Eastern Gates of the Temple arranged in a line, directly into the very heart of the Temple proper. The Eastern Gate, also called the Sun Gate, served not only to check the equinoxes, when the sun rises exactly in the east, but the solstices as well: a device on the Eastern Gate was designed to reflect the first rays of the sun on the summer and winter solstices, when the sun rises in the southeast and the northeast respectively.”

    The Jerusalem Talmud, Tractate Erubim 22c

    1. This quote is actually from from page 318 of Immanuel Velikovsky’s book “Worlds in Collision”. He gave the reference to the “Jerusalem Talmud, Tractate Erubin V, 22c” in footnote #2 on that page. Here’s a link to a free online version of ‘Worlds in Collision’: https://ia800609.us.archive.org/8/items/B-001-014-474/B-001-014-474.pdf
      I’m not fluent in Talmudic studies, and I’m unable to locate Velikovsky’s original Talmudic source using Google. If you’re able to find it, please post a link in these comments.

  12. Thank you for posting this article and comments. What potential would there be for an app of the Zadokite Calendar? I would be interested in using in my bible study classes to help keep us on track day by day.

  13. Wow! Mind blown! If I could only question one thing, it would be, “Why didn’t Yeshua point out using the ‘wrong calendar’, and point to the proper Calendar of God, the Father?”

  14. Greetings…this was one of the most thorough and civil dialogues on this subject I’ve found so far. Especially the discussion in the comment section. Nicks assessment seems like its headed in the right direction due to the variableness of the Zadokite calendar with the adding of days to make it work. I’m troubled by this…it seems like we’re right back to a “leap” of some measure. With that being said I wonder…did the cosmic cycle get off with the extension or lengthing of the day recorded in Joshua? What about a portion of the day being darkened when Yeshua gave up the ghost? (Just some random thoughts). In addition to that thought, what about the year of Jubilee? Seven sevens equals forty nine…does the fiftieth year somehow reset the divine calendar? Please forgive me if these questions are too elementary, but it seems there are many amateur YouTube scholars drawing premature conclusions thus muddying up the waters. Another thought is regarding the millenium…many casual believers find it puzzling that there will be temple sacrifices and observances during that time. Could it be that when Yeshua returns the order which was established at creation will be restored? Again, please be patient with me, I’m trying to understand this as well. God bless.

    1. Steve, thanks for the feedback. Here are my responses to your comments/questions:
      1. Nick supports the Enochian solar calendar, while I support the Zadokite solar calendar. They’re very similar–the main difference being in how they start each year.
      – The Enochian calendar always starts with the next day after the vernal equinox (VE). The weekly Sabbath day pattern for the next year will start 7-days later, so the Sabbath could be on a Tuesday or a Friday every week for that year.
      – The Zadokite calendar starts the year on the next Wednesday, on or after the VE. This keeps the months synchronized with the VE, while maintaining the weekly Sabbath day always on a Saturday.
      Both calendars have valid arguments, so we’ll see who’s correct after the Lord comes back. Until then, it’s not as important as maintaining the bond of fellowship with brethren who disagree.
      2. Regarding whether the cosmic cycles would’ve gotten out of sync because of the extra day in Joshua, or the darkness during the crucifixion, those events wouldn’t affect the beginning of the next year, which was triggered by the VE. So, while Joshua’s day might’ve made that year 1 day longer, the following years wouldn’t be affected.
      3. Does the 50th year reset the divine calendar? I’m not sure if I understand exactly what you’re asking. Please review the question from ‘Colc’ that made me update this whole article. There are many interesting points to ponder on this topic.
      4. Regarding temple sacrifices during the millennium, I have many Messianic friends who take ancient prophetic verses literally on this topic, i.e., Ezekiel chapters 43-46. Most of them believe these sacrifices will be ‘object lessons’ to teach or remind people about the Messiah as the “Lamb of God.” Here’s a reference for this perspective. https://www.gotquestions.org/millennial-sacrifices.html
      However, I cannot believe YHWH would revert to using a Levitical priesthood with animal sacrifices that Jesus entirely fulfilled. To me it would be blasphemy. See Hebrews 7:12. I totally agree with Dr. Michael Heiser on this topic. See pages 9-10 of his podcast transcript where he explains it. https://nakedbiblepodcast.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Transcript-85-QA-9.pdf With all that said, when I get to the millennium, if I discover I’m wrong, I’ll have to adjust my attitude & opinion on the matter.
      Shalom brother.

  15. I largely feel that this information is correct but i have been struggling to find any spot in the new testament that spurns people for observing a gregorian or julian 7 day cycle in favor of celebrating the sabbath on any day in which it may fall, according to another calendar. I cant find this concept anywhere in the gospel of Yeshua. I dont see anywhere in scripture where Yeshua was following a differrent calendar (other than a possibility of him ovserving passover on a differrent day, which hardly proves observance of a different sabbath. Do you know of anything in the new testament or specifically the gospel that promotes usage of this callendar?

    1. Michael, I agree with you and have many of the same questions you expressed.

      So far I haven’t discovered any evidence of significant historical/Biblical events (since Noah’s flood) that coincide with the solar calendar.

      I believe Antiochus Epiphanes fulfilled Daniel 7:25 (before 164BC) by changing the Lord’s appointed times and laws, including the change from a solar calendar to the current lunisolar calendar that Jewish rabbis still use today. And yes, Jesus celebrated the feasts using the lunisolar calendar that His nation was using. As far as I know He never criticized its use.

      So, does it matter? Perhaps not, and it’s definitely not a salvation issue.

      But, the one verse that keeps playing in my head is Isaiah 61:4, “They will rebuild the ancient ruins; they will restore the places long devastated; they will renew the ruined cities, the desolations of many generations.” I believe God’s original calendar may be one of these ancient ruins that we’ll restore. And that’s why I’m celebrating the Biblical feasts (Lev 23) according to the Zadokite calendar, starting with hosting a Christian Passover Seder on April 5th, 2022, instead of April 15th when the rest of the world celebrates Passover.

  16. Hi Tom and thanks for your article. So where did you fit the 1260, 1290, 1335 and 2300 days of Daniel onto the Zadok calendar? Would love to hear your thoughts. Thanks.

    1. Suzanne, a 360-day ‘prophetic year’ is comprised of twelve 30-day months. This is how Noah tracked time in Genesis 7:11 to 8:4, where five months spanned 150 days.
      According to Heiser (and others) a 360-day year is the time period used in Daniel and Revelation.

      The Enochian and Zadokite solar calendars have twelve 30-day months, but then add 4 intercalary days, one after every three months, to make a 364-day solar year. These two calendars differ in how they start each year… Enochian starts with the spring equinox, while the Zadokite may add filler days so that the weekly 7-day Sabbath pattern isn’t changed. (These filler days are the topic of controversy in my discussion with Nick below.)

      You asked where did I fit the 1260, 1290, 1335 and 2300 days of Daniel onto the Zadok calendar? The main point of my article is that a 360-day prophetic solar calendar is required for the numbers to be evenly divisible. I haven’t tied them to any specific eschatological dates.

      I’ve studied these eschatological dates for years, trying to understand when they’ll be fulfilled. Within the last year I’ve seen evidence that makes me wonder if many of them have already been fulfilled. For example, see some of the essays by Ellis Skolfield at https://www.ellisskolfield.net/essays. (I suggest these as thought-provoking: 1290 & 1335 Days, 42 Months Explained, Daniel’s 70th Week, Dome of the Rock, etc.) Also, in his podcast (linked in the article above) Heiser suggests that some of these dates were exactly fulfilled by the reign and death of Antiochus IV.

      That said, Jesus did say that Daniel’s ‘abomination of desolation’ would initiate the greatest tribulation ever, and I’m looking for it to happen in our lifetime. My current understanding of how end-time events will unfold is at https://standinfaith.org/sequence-of-end-time-events/

      I believe the solar calendar information in my article is both true and significant, but I’m still meditating on how God uses it. For example, Jesus never mentioned it, and He apparently celebrated feasts, along with His countrymen, according to the rabbinical lunisolar calendar. So, if He fulfilled Passover, Firstfruits, and Pentecost according to the lunisolar calendar, how does the solar calendar fit into the scheme of things?

      I hope I’ve answered your question. Shalom sister.

      1. Thanks Tom I will look into your links. Personally I believe we are meant to know the times and not be caught unaware. To us His return should not be as a thief in the night. The Daniel and Revelation numbers fit into the Zadok calendar precisely for the very reason that we are to be sober and watch for their fulfilment according to this calendar. My husband and I have found a way the numbers fit, but don’t quite know what it means yet. It’s been encouraging though to find many others like you, on the same quest. I do believe that together, we will be shown in His time. Shalom and thanks again for your reply.

  17. Tom, In my video series I explained in Psalm 19 the sun goes into his tabernacle and comes out of his chamber to run a race.

    Psalm 19:4-5 “In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.”

    I explained the race is the 364 Day solar calendar circuit.

    Psalm 19:6 “His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.”

    And so there has to be one specific day the sun goes into his tabernacle. It cannot be an arbitrary day. It has to be a fixed day and that day is not and cannot be part of the 364 day “race / circuit.”

    Both the tabernacle and the temple have the entrance oriented due east and is it orientated due east for a specific reason.

    The reason for this is that the sun would shine into the tabernacle/chamber on a specific day per Psalm 19:6. (Satan and the pagans copy the truth)

    There is only one day per solar cycle when the sun can shine due east into the tabernacle / chamber and that day is a fixed day, an anchor day, which is the Spring Equinox. If you were to think about it, the solar cycle is a constant length, it doesn’t change.

    YHWH Elohim instructed Moses to rear up the tabernacle on the 1st Day of the 1st month for a specific reason. The Spring Equinox occurred the previous day so Moses and Aaron could have a precise measurement and thus the sun could run it’s 364 Day race and then go into it’s tabernacle / chamber on the 365th Day of the solar cycle.

    On the calibration method you described, the day of the Spring Equinox ranges, sometimes it can be on the 361st, 362nd, 363rd, or 364th Day of the “race/circuit.” So there is really no point to the Spring Equinox.

    As for the strawman idea of the last week of the calendar does not keep the 7-day pattern. Time began in our realm here on earth when the sun, moon, and stars were created on Day 4 and set in motion. Though time was already existing in Creation Days 1, 2, & 3 (and also before i.e. The Ancient of Days) The year started mid-week in our realm with the movement / motion of the sun on Day 4 when it was created as per Genesis 1:14 “And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.” I hypothesize in a video on Day 4 of the creation week that the sun’s position on the horizon when it was created was in the 1st position North of Due East, the day after the Spring Equinox. This is why the year resets to the 4th day of the week on the day following the Spring Equinox. Respectively every day each year is always the same equidistance in it’s relationship to the Spring Equinox. Passover is always on the 14th day after the Spring Equinox and Shavuot is always on the 75th Day after the Spring Equinox ect.

    So back to this strawman idea of a continual 7-Day pattern. There isn’t a scriptures one can compile to validate the concept. Rather, the concept goes against Psalm 19 and other scriptures. It is a false concept created to compensate / cover-up for a lack of understanding.

    Here is my video on the Spring Equinox = the Sun’s Tabernacle – the Sun is on a Circuit

    Best Regards,

    1. I’d be curious to know if any significant events correlate to either the Enochian or Zadokite calendar? If the calendar is important to YHWH, and I believe it is, significant events should occur on their correct dates using whatever calendar is correct.

      For example: significant events include Yeshua’s ‘passion week’ and Shavuot, Israel’s events in 1948/1967/1973, and possibly the blood moon tetrads, the Rev 12 sign in 2017, etc. I tried to use your spreadsheet to look at the blood moon tetrads and Rev 12 sign, but the spreadsheet starts on 2019. Have you done any study along these lines?

  18. Hi Tom, You are VERY close in your understanding on how the calendar works.  There is only one small incorrect understanding that has big negative ramifications.

    Gregorian days of the week are Not YHWH Elohim’s days of the week.  So you can’t calibrate the calendar using the next Gregorian “Wednesday” and use Gregorian Days of the Week.  Rather the Spring Equinox establishes establishes YHWH’s Days of the Week as the Day after the Spring Equinox resets to / restarts the calendar as the 4th Day of the Week which is the 1st Day of the 1st Month.  I have a video on this specifically and several other videos about how to calibrate the calendar as per Jubilees 2:9.

    Jubilees 2:9 “And Elohim appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth for DAYS and for SABBATHS and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years.”

    So the sun calibrates the “DAYS” of the Week which also includes the SABBATH!

    Remember in Jubilees chapter 6 it says the Sabbath would become “LOST.”  You quoted the passage and I suggest you re-read it.

    Jubilees 6:33-34 “But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment, then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from this (order), [and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged] and they will neglect their ordinances. And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of the years, and will FORGET the new months, and seasons, and SABBATHS and they will go wrong as to all the order of the years.”

    Jubilees 6:36-38 “For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon -how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon.
    For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the order), AND MAKE AN ABOMINABLE (DAY) THE DAY OF TESTIMONY ((Note: the Day of Testimony is the Sabbath Day per Exodus 3:17 and Ezekiel 20:20)), and an unclean day a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean, and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go WRONG AS TO the months and SABBATHS and feasts and jubilees.

    For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason they will go WRONG AS TO the new months and seasons and SABBATHS and festivals, and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.”

    Tom, Jubilees chapter 6 can’t be anymore clear that the SABBATH Day which we know is the 7th Day of the Week would be LOST.  

    For the 7th Day Sabbath to be LOST it sure can’t be the Gregorian Saturday.

    Here is my YouTube playlist on the Restored Calendar.


    Best Regards, Nick

    1. Nick,

      Thanks for your comment. I agree that the Enochian calendar you advocate and the Zadokite calendar in this article are almost identical. The difference seems to be how they start each new year.

      They both refer to the spring equinox as the key reference point.

      But then the Enochian calendar sets Aviv 1 as the day after the equinox, while the Zadokite calendar adds days to the end of a year (when necessary) to preserve the 7-day sequence for the first Sabbath in the new year. (Asherit’s ‘Zadok Calendar in the Dead Sea Scrolls’ 5-part series (linked above) does a good job of explaining this in detail.)

      As a result, in the Enochian calendar, if the spring equinox doesn’t occur on the third day of the year’s final week (i.e., on a Tuesday using the Gregorian calendar), then the next Sabbath day won’t occur 7 days after the previous Sabbath. Or, to put it another way, if the equinox doesn’t occur on a Tuesday, the last week of the year that’s ending won’t have 7 days. That’s a problem, which is why the Zadokite calendar makes an adjustment to always keep the 7-day pattern as one year ends and another begins.

      Shalom brother.

      1. Hi Tom, You said, “As a result, in the Enochian calendar, if the spring equinox doesn’t occur on the third day of the year’s final week (i.e., on a Tuesday using the Gregorian calendar), then the next Sabbath day won’t occur 7 days after the previous Sabbath. Or, to put it another way, if the equinox doesn’t occur on a Tuesday, the last week of the year that’s ending won’t have 7 days. That’s a problem, which is why the Zadokite calendar makes an adjustment to always keep the 7-day pattern as one year ends and another begins.”

        This is Not a problem for me. It is only a problem for you if you are trying to take a concept that doesn’t belong (the 7-Day pattern) and insert it into the calendar.

        As I said, Jubilees chapter 6 says the Sabbath Day would be lost. That could not happen on the continual 7-Day pattern you claim exists. Rather the only way the Sabbath Day could be lost according to Jubilees chapter 6 is if the days of the week are established “the great sign of the sun on the earth” as per Jubilees 2:9 which is the Spring Equinox.

        If you add to text text like you have, you won’t be able to solve / understand the calendar and have a false / incorrect one.

        Best Regards, Nick

        1. Nick, you’ve done a lot of research in this area and understand the technical details better than I do. Therefore, I’d like to hear your response concerning the questions I asked in my December 1st comment.
          While I DO believe God established a solar calendar, if we can’t tie any of these solar calendars to significant historical/Biblical events, then this becomes an academic discussion.
          But, if we can tie a solar calendar to significant events, then we can use that calendar to forecast the possible fulfillment of future events in any given year. That would be very useful.

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